Junior military colleges offer students the option to commission as a second lieutenant in the Army after completing only two years of higher education. After commissioning, students will receive pay and benefits associated with their rank and position. After completing their bachelor’s degrees at another institution, they are eligible to serve on active duty. Attending a junior military college is a faster way to commission than participating in a traditional ROTC program, but students must be interested in joining the Army or Air Force.
Junior Military Colleges
Junior military colleges offer two-year associate’s degree programs in a fully immersive military setting, similar to a service academy. They are thus much more rigorous than traditional ROTC programs. Students at these colleges mainly participate in Army Early Commissioning Programs, which allow cadets to commission as officers in the Army Reserves in two years. The new officers then to receive all the benefits associated with being an officer in the Army while completing their bachelor’s degree at a four-year institution. Students who choose this route incur an eight-year service commitment. Marion Military Institute (MMI) is alone among junior military colleges in that it offers the first two years of an Air Force ROTC program. Cadets will not incur a service commitment for participating in Air Force ROTC at MMI.
Junior military colleges also offer Service Academy Programs, in which cadets spend a year preparing to attend a service academy. These programs are intended to increase a cadet’s physical fortitude and academic performance to ensure that they will be successful at a service academy. Often, service academies will agree to accept a prospective student after he or she has spent a year in a Service Academy Program, but applying to a service academy before attending the program is not necessary.
There are five junior military colleges:
- Georgia Military College (Milledgeville, Georgia)
- Marion Military Institute (Marion, Alabama)
- New Mexico Military Institute (Roswell, New Mexico)
- Valley Forge Military Academy (Wayne, Pennsylvania)
- Wentworth Military Academy (Lexington, Missouri)
Army Early Commissioning Program
The Early Commissioning Program (ECP) offers students wishing to become commissioned officers in the U.S. Army a chance to do so in two years, while completing college classes. This is faster than through a traditional ROTC program, which takes four years. Students who finish the ROTC-ECP program with an associate’s degree at one of five junior military colleges will commission as second lieutenants in the Reserves. They must complete their bachelor’s degree before they can serve as officers on active duty. While students are completing their bachelor’s degree, they will not be deployable.
Each of the five junior military colleges offers the Army ROTC-ECP program for eligible students. Students are required to complete their bachelor’s degree within three years of graduating from the junior college and will also owe an eight-year commitment to the Army from the date of commission. Students can fulfill their service commitment through a combination of active duty service and service with the Reserves or National Guard.
- ROTC-ECP Scholarships: Merit-based ROTC scholarships pay $450 a month for the first year of school and $500 a month for the second year. They also provide a $600 book allowance each semester and a $1,200 uniform allowance. ROTC scholarships for these programs also cover either tuition and fees or room and board for qualified students. For students who participate in the Simultaneous Membership Program (attending classes while serving concurrently in the National Guard) there is an additional monthly payment of about $240. Other scholarships may also be available. More information for each college is available at the following links:
- Eligibility: The eligibility requirements vary among the institutes, but all require you to possess a high school diploma or the equivalent, be at least 17 years old, pass a medical exam, fit into Army height and weight restrictions, and pass an Army Physical Fitness Test.
- Among all the schools, the absolute minimum acceptable cumulative GPA is 2.0, overall score on the ACT is 17, and math and verbal combined score on the SAT is 800.
- Students must also have an appropriate military background. This involves attending five weeks of ROTC Cadet Initial Entry Training at Fort Knox, KY following high school graduation, completing three years of Junior ROTC during high school, having honorable past military service, or attending Basic Combat Training.
Page last updated: 02/2017